THE SUGAR CANE FARMING OBSTACLE OF THE FARMER IN SAMCHUK DISTRICT, SUPAHNBURI PROVINCE THAILAND
This research aims to examine the sugar cane farming obstacles and observe the stakeholders 'perceptions toward farmers' obstacles in Samchuk district, Suphanburi Province, Thailand. The research applies the qualitative methodology, select 25 Sugar cane farmers by purposive sampling, interviewing, and analyze data using cause and effect analysis.
The research result clearly showsthe significant economic inequality that farmers have received in their life and business cycle: the lack of agricultural information, lack of land ownership, lack of access to knowledge and technology. Moreover, the farmers must take all the 4of 5 majors’ risk in farming-related to the united states department of agriculture: first, the production risk refers to the uncertain natural growth processes of crops, weather, disease, pests, and other factors. Secondly, market risk refers to uncertainty about the prices. Third, the financial risk results when the farm business borrows money and creates an obligation to repay debt. Fourth, the institutional risk results from vulnerabilities of encompassing Government activities. Expense laws, guidelines for substance use, rules for animal waste transfer, and the degree of cost or pay bolster installments are instances of government choices that can significantly affect the homestead business.
Consequently, the majority of sugar cane farmers are lack of bargaining power to the middleman and other suppliers. The government funding and supported project are just the short-term solution, and cannot push the farmers through the obstacles. This is the virtuous circle that the majority of farmers faced.